For more than 4000 years, the pyramids of Giza have towered over the west bank of the Nile just south of Cairo, Egypt, sparking innumerable theories on everything from their construction methods to their astrological connections.
Here are amazing 12 facts about the largest of them all, the Great Pyramid Khufu.
The pyramids of Egypt have captured the imagination of people for centuries. maybe because they are part of the glory of ancient Egypt… or Maybe because they continue to mystify us as well as the best and the brightest scientists and academics. The facts provided here are just a “starter kit” of the knowledge available on the fascinating pyramids.
The first and largest pyramid of Giza was built by the pharaoh Khufu. 2550 BCE. It is the Great Pyramid. The second smallest pyramid was built by his son, Pharaoh Khafre, and the third and even smaller by the son of Khafre, Pharaoh Menkaure.
The size of the pyramids was not based on status; it was the result of the shrinking economy. As the government built more and taller buildings, fewer resources were available for the pyramids. In fact, Menkaure’s son, Pharaoh Shepseskaf, could not build a pyramid.
Scientists and Researchers have never been able to determine how the pyramids were built, but they now know that the builders were skilled Egyptian workers who were housed in a nearby community and paid for their work.
Today, Giza looks like an isolated plateau of monuments, but at the time of the construction of the pyramids, it was a flourishing community with temples, shops, a market, and housing.
Experts agree that the pyramids were built from huge blocks cut in stone quarries with copper chisels, each block weighing between 2.5 and 15 tonnes.
The pyramids were covered with highly polished white limestone casing stones that glistened in the sun. It has been said that they can be seen from the mountains of Israel.
The pyramids face the true north. Since there was no Northstar at the time, no one knows how the Egyptians achieved such precision.
The Great Pyramid maintained its position as the tallest man-made structure in the world for 3871 years until the central spire of Lincoln Cathedral in England was built in 1311 CE. The pyramid is 146 meters (479 feet) high. The boom of 160 meters (525 feet).
Khaemweset, son of Ramses II, is considered the first Egyptologist. During the New Kingdom (1570-1069 BCE), Giza was abandoned and the pyramids were vandalized and pillaged. Khaemweset devoted himself to the study, restoration, and preservation of Giza, which flourished until the Romans took control of Egypt in 30 BCE.
In 1798, Napoleon landed in Egypt with 400 ships, an army of 54,000 men, and a team of scholars and scientists who, in 1809, produced Description of Egypt, a complete history of ancient Egypt, which aroused a fascination for ancient Egypt. through Europe.
Despite the scorching heat in Giza, the temperature inside the pyramids remains relatively constant, around 20 degrees Celsius (60 F).
The most recent mystery of the pyramids is what appears to be a giant cavity in the Great Pyramid. It is not accessible. No one knows why he is there. It was discovered by an international team of researchers using myography, a technology that detects changes in density inside large rock structures. And now the experts have something else to speculate about and debate.